They may have cute and fuzzy faces but rats and mice are not something you want scurrying around your home or business. Rodents can carry diseases, chew on your furniture, leave droppings around your place, or gnaw electrical wires. These creatures look for any safe place that can offer food and warmth. So, any home or building could become a potential breeding ground for mice and rats. It can be a frustrating situation for anyone dealing with this nightmare.

These animals are known to be clever, resourceful and notoriously hard to get rid of. So if you have an issue with these pesky pests, arming yourself with the right information is one of the first steps you can take to tackle the issue. Small prey animals like mice and rats reproduce quickly so effective rodent control is critical. Here we’ll help you understand the rodent life cycle so you can be well informed to avoid issues with these pests.

Rodent Life Cycle

Rats and mice have incredible reproductive capabilities. Mice have a quick maturation process and reach sexual maturity at 4-8 weeks of age. The gestation period of mice is a short period of about three weeks and one rodent can give birth to 5 or 6 babies.

Norway and roof rats become sexually mature and able to mate at 8 to 12 weeks of age. They also have a gestation period of about 3 weeks. Norway rats can have an average of 8 – 12 pups per litter while roof rats have 4 to 8 pups per litter. It’s not uncommon for rats to have five to ten litters per year.

Mice can give birth in as little as 25 days after the first litter. Female mice can be in heat and become pregnant in 24 to 48 hours after giving birth to their offspring.

The standard life expectancy of mice and rats is about one year. However, indoor rodents can live for 2 to 3 years. Without harsh environments or predators such as owls, cats, or hawks, rodents can be expected to live longer.

Mice and rats that live indoors with adequate food, water and shelter can have increased capacity to breed all year long. The winter months may be too cold to allow for successful reproduction so rodents living outdoors may only be able to breed during the spring, summer and fall. A rodent can continue this breeding lifecycle until it dies. Once you come to terms with the multiplication rate of these animals, you’ll realize how quickly a mice control issue may get out of hand by the end of the year. You may have more rats than you bargained for unless you tackle the issue as soon as possible.

When to call a professional

A problem with mice can multiply in a short amount of time and lead to an infestation so it’s very important to act quickly if you think you have an issue with rodents, squirrel control or other pests. Once you recognize that you have a rodent issue, hiring a Vancouver rat exterminator or a pest control company can help you lay out a path to solving the issue.

For help with Vancouver mice control or rat control, call Pest Detective. Our team provides thorough inspection and extermination to protect you and your property from dangerous or bothersome pests. We also do squirrel removal in Vancouver and the surrounding areas.